AWARENESS ABOUT ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AMONG TEENAGERS
Type of manuscript: Survey article
Running title : awareness about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among teenagers.
Saveetha Dental College,
Department of physiology
Saveetha Dental College
Student Email: [email protected]
Contact number : 9176789720
Author name : Revathi.B
Guide name : Mrs.Jothi Priya.A
Year of study : l-BDS :2017-2018
To create awareness and impart knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder .
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
It is the questionnaire based survey which was taken by 150 participants using the online link surveyPlanet. Participants were mostly adolescents who are under the age group of 12-19.
Through this survey it’s proved that nearly 50% of the participants were not able to focus well in their daily activities or tasks.Many were under great pressure and impairment due to this disorder.Since many adolescents are lacking good memory, finishing tasks and poor time management. Healthy mind and good lifestyle changes might help them to get rid of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
It’s been analysed that Parents whose children were affected with ADHD are not aware of
their child’s condition. Only about 60% use medications to cure this disorder and the rest are not even trying to avoid it since they could not analyse the problem or defect within them. And many are in lack of guidance to escape from this disease. If they feel confident they can improve their skills gradually and lead a happier life.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-symptoms-impairments-complications in their daily life- problems among society.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder (1,2).It is analysed by problems paying attention, excessive activity, which is not same for all age.The symptoms is predominant in people with age less than twelve years and it lasts for some months, and cause problems in their daily life making to perform illogically(3).In children, problems paying attention might result in poor school performance.Particularly in this society, adolescents feel interesting only in their favourite activities and they don’t get easily distracted.
Symptoms of attention deficit disorder range from simple to severe and distrusts with normal living and daily function (4,5).A diagnosis of attention deficit disorder typically requires that symptoms be present by the age of 12 and it occurs almost in all the places where they spend a lot of time .Attention deficit disorder may persist into adulthood , creating difficulties in one’s work or society related involvement .While hyperactivity is the leading symptom of ADHD. Attention deficit disorder is also referred to as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(6,7).
ADHD is more common in males than females, and females with ADHD are more likely to have aetiology with lack of concentration. Other conditions, such as learning disabilities, anxiety disorder, bad conduct, depression, and lack of concentration , are common in people with ADHD.ADHD is a disorder involving a group of skills known as executive function. External, stimuli impacts the ability to concentration or using brain and other study skills(11).ADHD is caused by differences in the brain development .It often runs in families. Symptoms of ADHD differ at one time or another(12).In the diagnosis with ADHD, children have far difficulty with this problems. Teenagers with ADHD also have challenges in most of the areas where they spend their time at school, at home.Its more common in boys than in girls. It’s usually identified during the schooling and when a child begins to have problems with hyperactivity.(15,16)
Adults with ADHD might have problem in managing time, being organised, setting goals, and holding to a occupation.(13,14). They may also have problems with
relationships,friendships ,self-esteem, self analysis and addiction.Some of the teenagers suffering with ADHD have difficulties such as memory, emotions, self control etc.Medications are recommended in case of severe cases and sometimes meditation are also giving a great relief to people suffering from this.
They usually find difficult to manage their time and schedule. They were unable to find a pathway to establish their talents. They are easily distracted, doesn’t follow tasks, forgets about daily activities, loses things. They usually show the symptom of obsessions and refusal.To create awareness about anorexia among teenagers leads to better understanding.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Since this disorder is predominantly seen in teenagers or adolescents it’s been took as a survey for over 150 participants. Adolescents are under the great pressure and they feel unstable to cope up or manage with their works, daily tasks and memory. So awareness is necessary majorly among these age groups who are under 12-19. Since many people prefer online survey it is took using the link survey planet.
RESULT AND DISCUSSION:
In the recent studies it’s been found that ADHD does not only affect children it even affects normal people and old people . Self management functions are mainly focused in this disorder linked to brain functioning , and these does not show immediate change in behaviours but show up gradual changes.(12).Researches executes that the symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder varies one person to another It depends upon the particular person’s interest and natural habits(5). Recent researches says that impairing symptoms of ADHD often come out excessively well only in adulthood.Many times during childhood the symptoms are not well detected or noticed(16).Some children with ADHD gradually outgrow their impairments as they enter into during middle school or high school.The affected participants might experience impairments in both psychological and physical aspects(17).
From this survey it’s been analysed that teenagers are mostly suspected to suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.They were easily distracted and undergoes serious complications. Some main complications are inattention,hyperactivity and impulsivity.It is the most common problem among college or school studying students. They could not concentrate on their daily works .finally it leads to outburst of temper and irritability along with refusal to do any work.
About 33.3% of participants are often having difficulty in sustaining their attention while focusing during long lectures or while doing some other activities. Anxiety disorders might also arise due to this inattention . It may leads to excessive worry and difficulty controlling their life problems and sorrows. Person along with anxiety impairments might also experience physical symptoms like upset mind, stomach ache , head ache and increasing heartbeat. They find it difficult to concentrate more on their tasks and nearly half of them were not satisfied going to their schooling life. School studying students are more affected than college studying one.
About 45.6% of participants are easily distracted by external stimuli. This distraction leads to poor developmental skills and difficulty in learning and communication problems which is important .The demands of middle and high school place additional stress on teens and parents should remain aware of their children’s habits and activities.
About 24% of them often lose , misplace or damage their things which is necessary. It makes them irresponsible and leads to spoil their performances.
About 48.3% sometimes feel restless when they are got to do something. Sleep deprivation occurs in teens. Changes in sleep cycle are normal for all adolescents, as many teenagers expect to wake up late at night and sleep later at morning. This is common, but ADHD affected individual might suffer more with sleep disorder and mood swings.
About 33.8% of the teenagers leave their seats in situations when they are expected to remain in their seats. This is a commonly seen in people with hyperactivity where the individual was not able to concentrate on a single work.
About 43.9% of the participants find themselves sometimes talking excessively. They were not under control feeling restless . They easily express their emotions and react for everything. They also feel sorry for every small things and easily distracted. In studies, not all not people who are suspected to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are talking excessively. They are influenced easily by the external force. About 34.2% of participants are finding difficulty in organising an activity and having poor time management. They act like refusing all kind of ideas and think in an unknown manner. In case of serious cases this disorder leads to hearing and visual impairment or sensory problems or chronic diseases and even some psychological complications.At times through medications it can be cured and in some it may persists. They may not easily mingle with their family and friends. They don’t find a chance to mingle with the society.They feel like to be alone and feel loneliness.
The school board survey analysed that the prevalence of ADHD of 7% to 10% of males and nearly 3% of females in the age of 16 years showing that it is predominantly occurs in males. While in my survey males are affected than females. The other articles says that attention is lagging while compelled to focus on long lectures , memory tasks etc while in contrast this survey analysed that participants lose their control during their hyperactive moments or prolonged focusing. About 48.3% feel restless at that time they were not under control expressing their feelings without their consciousness. Studies confirm that older people are easily suspected to forget their things or works along with this , it has became common in young people or adolescents who lack memory and forget their works which they do on regular basis. Majority of them feel restless which finally lead to improper finishing of their daily tasks, demand in setting future goals and have a blank view about their life.They usually don’t get the appropriate view about their life goals and move in the way which the situations get into.
how often do you have difficulty sustaining your attention while doing something for work,school,a hobby,or fun activity (eg.remaining focused during lectures,lengthy reading or conversations)
How often are you easily distracted by external stimuli?
How often do you have difficulty waiting your turn,such as while waiting in line?
How often do you lose ,misplace or damage something that’s necessary in order to get things done(eg.your phone,eyeglasses,wallet,keys)?
How often do you feel restless when you got to do something?
How often do you forget to do something you do all the time?
How often do you leave your seat in situations when remaining seated is expected?
How often do you find yourself talking excessively?
How often do you fidget with or tap your hands or feet ,or squirm in your seat?
How often do you have difficulty in organising an activity or task needing to get done (eg.poor time management in managing sequential tasks)?
Through this survey it’s proved that nearly 50% of the participants were not able to focus well in their daily activities or tasks.Many were under great pressure and impairment due to this disorder.Healthy mind and good lifestyle changes might help them to get rid of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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