I. 1- 10) KJV5. Nehemiah goes to Jerusalem

I. ObservationStep One: Choose a person to study. For this character-sketch Bible study I will be studying: NehemiahStep Two: Identify and list all the Bible passages on the person. You may find it helpful to use a Bible dictionary, Bible handbook, or a study Bible. Remember that some Old Testament characters are mentioned in the New Testament.Neh 1:1- 11Neh 2:1-17Neh 3: 1-32Neh 4: 21, 23Neh 5: 14-19Neh 6:15Neh 7: 2, 7Neh 8:1, 6, 10, 12Ezra 2:1Step Three: Read through each passage, making general observations based on first impressions. List (in complete sentences) at least 10 general observations from the Bible passages on your character.1. Nehemiah was told in the month of Chisleu that Jerusalem was destroyed and the wall of Jerusalem wa broken down (Neh 1:1-3) KJV2. Nehemiah was upset when his brother told him about Jerusalem, prayed for the people of Israel, and confessed their sins (Neh 1: 4-7) KJV3. Nehemiah asks the lord to help the people of Israel (Neh 1: 8-11) KJV4. Nehemiah asks Artaxerxes the king for permission to go to rebuild Jerusalem, and is granted that permission in the month of Nisan, in the twentienth year of Artaxerxes the king (Neh 2: 1- 10) KJV5. Nehemiah goes to Jerusalem and inspects the damage to the wall of Jerusalem for three days, then tells the men with him to help him rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, so Jerusalem would no longer be in disgrace ( Neh 2: 17)  NIV (Hindson, p. 198)6.   The rebuilding  of the wall starts with the priests, then each person builds their part of the wall (Neh 3: 1 – 32) KJV7. As Govenor of Judah, Nehemiah made the decision not to tax his people, and made the other nobles return land, money and forgive all debts (Willette, p. 2) (Neh 5: 14-19) KJV8. The people worked as a team and got the job done in 52 days (Neh 6:15) KJV (Hindson, p.198)9. Nehemiah gathered the Israelites after they finished rebuilding the wall to celebrate their accomplishment, stating “The joy of the Lord is your strength” (Neh 8:10) KJV (Hindson,m  p. 201)10.   Ezra brought the book of the Law and read it at the assembly (Neh 8:6) KJV (Hindson, p. 201)11. The revival under Ezra and Nehemiah set the stage for the next 400 years, with Nehemiah’s reforms and Malachi final prophecy, the Old Testament canon of scripture came to a close (Hindson, p. 201).12. Ezra led the Jews in exile back to Jerusalem and Judah (Ezra 2:1) ESV    Step Four: Ask the key questions and observe other structural or grammatical Elements.    Observations related to “Who?”1. Artaxerxes became the King of Persia around 458 BC (Hindson, p. 196)2. Ezra – the scribe and priest led the jews in their journey back to Jerusalem, and found Jerusalem in ruins in 458 BC (Hindson, p. 196)3. Nehemiah – high official (cupbearer) in the Persian court of King Artaxerxes was commissioned to return to Jerusalem to rebuild its walls in 445 BC (Hindson, p. 196)4. Hanani – Nehemiak’s brother, who brought him the news about the state of Jerusalem (Willette, p. 4) (Neh 1:2) KJV5. The book of Nehemiah has several references of  the pronoun “I”, which refers to Nehemiah, except in the passage in  Nehemiah 1: 8-9, where he quotes God’s word6. Moses – God’s servant who taught the commandments 7. The people of Judah, named in Nehemiah 3: 1-32, who rebuilt the wall around the place where they lived (Willette, p. 6,7)8. Sanballat and Tobiah, Arabs, Ammonites, and the Ashdodites – plotted to fight against Jersualem, and cause confusion (Willette, p. 7, 8)9. Hananiah –  appointed by Nehemiah to be the commander of the citadel (Neh 7:2) (Willette, p. 11)Observations related to “What?”1. The book of Nehemiah revolves around rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem. 2. The redemption and revival of the people of JerusalemObservations related to “Where?”1. The book of Nehemiah starts in Persia, in the capital city of Susa, which is 150 miles east of the Tigris River, which is now Iran ( Willette, p. 2)2. Jerusalem –   capital city of the kingdom of Judah (Bible History, p. 1)3. Judah – Kingdom in between Egypt and Israel (Bible History, p. 1)Observations related to “When?”1. Approximately 465 BC – Artaxerxes becomes the King of the Persian Empire 2. 458 BC – Ezra leads the Jews from exile back to Jerusalem (Hindson, p. 197)3. 445 BC – Nehemiah is commissioned to return to Judah to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem (Hindson, p. 197) 4. In the month of Chislev (Nov/Dec) , in the twentienth year – Hanani tells Nehemiah about the state of Jerusalem. (Willette, p. 2)5. In the month of Nisan (Mar/Apr), in the twentienth year –  Nehemiah is sent to Judah (Willette, p. 2)6. From the twentienth year to the thirty-second year (12 years) – Nehemiah, as Judah’s Governor never taxed the people (Willette, p. 7)7. Twenty –fifth day of the month Elul (Aug/Sep), the wall was finished in fifty-two days (Willette, p. 8)  Observations related to “Why?” 1. Nehemiah wanted to go back to Judah because it had been destroyed by the Babylonians, and he wanted to restore the city2. The people had lost their way spirituallyStep Five: Construct a timeline that details the life of your Bible personality.1. Born – 5th century BC2. In the month of Chislev (Nov/Dec) , in the twentienth year – Hanani tells Nehemiah about the state of Jerusalem. (Willette, p. 2)3. 445 BC – Nehemiah is commissioned to return to Judah to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem (Hindson, p. 1974. In the month of Nisan (Mar/Apr), in the twentienth year –  Nehemiah is sent to Judah (Willette, p. 2)5. Twenty –fifth day of the month Elul (Aug/Sep), the wall was finished in fifty-two days (Willette, p. 8) 6. From the twentienth year to the thirty-second year (12 years) – Nehemiah, as Judah’s Governor never taxed the people (Willette, p. 7)7. Approximately 433 BC, after 12 years, Nehemiah returns to Susa II. InterpretationStep Six: Determine what Biblical wisdom can be gained from this character. Carefully look through your general observations based on your first impressions, your deeper study, and your timeline. What biblical wisdom can you gather about your character? Write out five elements of Biblical wisdom that can be understood from your character. Provide a concise explanation of each of these elements.A. Who – Nehemiah was born in the early part of the 5th century BC, who grew up to be a cupbearer in the Persian court of Artaxerxes 1 of Persia.  His brother tells him that the wall of Jerusalem is destroyed. He then prays to God for the people of Jerusalem, and asks the King for permission  to go to Judah to rebuild the wall. The King says yes, appoints him as Govenor, and Nehemiah goes to Jerusalem B. What – Nehemiah rebuilt the breaches in the wall surrounding  Jerusalem, which gave the people a renewed purpose, and it secured the city.C. Where – Nehemiah was a high official in the court of the Persian empire located in the city of Susa. This is now Iran. He then becomes the Govenor of Judah, which is located in between Egypt and Israel. He goes to Jerusalem, the capital of Judah, and rebuilds the wall of Jerusalem. D. When – The events in the book of Nehemiah start around the 9th month of the Hebrew calendar, Chislev (Nov/Dec ), in the twentienth year of Artaxerxes 1 , and progresses to the thirty-second year, approximately from 445 BC to 433 BC.   E.  Why – Nehemiah goes to Jerusalem for two purposes; the main purpose is to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem to secure the city from outside aggression. The second purpose, realized once he arrived in Jerusalem, was to redeem and revive the people of Jerusalem, and point them back to God.  III. CorrelationStep Seven: Ask, “How does this character’s life reflect other truths found in the Scriptures?” List and explain 3 truths from this person’s life that fit within all of the Bible. Your explanation must note how these truths fit the framework of God’s Word.A. “O Lord God of heaven, the great and awesome God who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments; let your ear be attentive and your eyes open to hear the prayer of your servant that I now pray before you day and night for your servants the people of Israel, confessing the sins of the people of Israel, which we have sinned against you. Both I and my family have sinned. We have offended you deeply, failing to keep the commandments, the statutes, and the ordinances that you commanded your servant Moses.”(Neh 1: 5-7) (Willette, p.2). This fits in all of the bible, and the framework of God’s word because you can be restored and redeemed by being obedient to the rules, commands and instructions found on the pages of scripture (Cartwright, Hulshof, p. 31)B. “Those of Israelite descent had separated themselves from all foreigners. They stood in their places and confessed their sins and the sins of their ancestors.  They stood where they were and read from the Book of the Law of the LORD their God for a quarter of the day, and spent another quarter in confession and in worshiping the LORD their God.  Standing on the stairs of the Levites were Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani and Kenani. They cried out with loud voices to the LORD their God.  And the Levites—Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah and Pethahiah—said: “Stand up and praise the LORD your God, who is from everlasting to everlasting” (Neh 9:2-5) NIV. This is an example of  confessing your sins and repenting, which is seen over and over in the Bible. This fits within the framework of God’s plan to rescue, redeem, and restore. This fits in all of the bible, and the framework of God’s word because those who repent and ask for God’s forgiveness shall be saved. This is an example of redemption and salvation. C. “You alone are the LORD. You made the heavens,even the highest heavens, and all their starry host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven worship you.” (Neh 9:6) NIV This is also an example of God’s plan to rescue, redeem, and restore.  The scripture is designed to implement the plan by glorifying God (Cartwright & Hulshof, p. 3) Step Eight: Ask, “How does this character’s life point me to Jesus?” List and explain 3 ways the life of your character can point to the person and work of Jesus Christ.A. Nehemiah helps to point me to Jesus by helping me to understand that I should not be discouraged by the naysayers. Just learn the will of God from the scriptures, and obey it.  B. Nehemiah also helps to point me to Jesus by helping me to understand the power of prayer, and how when you ask the Lord for forgiveness, are willing to confess your sins, and repent, you will be saved, just as the Jews learned in Judah  C. Nehemiah finally helps point me to Jesus by encouraging me not to give up, to keep building my life and relationship with God, then trust him to give me the tools to do what he wants me to do in life.  IV. ApplicationStep Nine: What points of application can be made using the Four Common Questions? List and explain 1 point of application for each of the Four Common Questions.A. The question of duty The main duty I should apply is to learn the will of God from the scriptures, and obey it. When I do that, I will becomed restored, and redeemed.B. The question of character The person I should become if I learn the will of God and obey his will, should be a righteous person in the eyes of God. C. The question of cause I will pursue helping others to learn God’s word, because I believe that by doing this, I will be helping mankind fight against the sins of our world   D. The question of discernment I can distinguish truth from error by continuing to learn the scriptures. The more I learn the word of God, the better I can discern truth from error.?ReferencesBible Hub (2017), Nehemiah 2:17 retrieved October 9, 2017 from: http://biblehub.com/niv/nehemiah/2-17.htmBible Gateway (2017), Nehemiah 9-10 retrieved October 9, 2017 from:  https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Nehemiah%209-10Bible Gateway (2017), Ezra 2:1 retrieved October 9, 2017 from: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ezra+2%3A1&version=NIVBible History (2017), Map of the kingdom of Israel and Judah, retrieved October 9,2017 from: http://www.bible-history.com/maps/israel_judah_kings.htmlBible Study Tools (2017), Nehemiah 1 retrieved October 9, 2017 from: http://www.biblestudytools.com/kjv/nehemiah/1.htmlCartwright, J., Hulshof, C. (2016), Everyday Bible Study, B &H Academic, Nashville, TN.Hindson, E. (2003), Courageous Faith : Life Lessons from the Old Testament Heroes, AMG Publishers, Chattanooga, TN.Peach, D. (2017), What Christians want to know: Bible Character study of Nehemiah retrieved October 9, 2017 from: https://www.whatchristianswanttoknow.com/bible-character-study-of-nehemiah/Willette, D. (2017), Bible History Daily, Nehemiah: The Man behind the Wall, retrieved October 9, 2017 from:  https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/people-cultures-in-the-bible/people-in-the-bible/nehemiah%E2%80%93the-man-behind-the-wall/