I. IntroductionAnorexia Nervosa, it can affect anyone at anytime regardless of age, gender, race or ethnicity and is the third most common chronic disease in young people.(National Eating Disorders)Anorexia Nervosa is the world’s third most diagnosed chronic disease.(National Eating Disorders)In this research paper the causes and symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa will be explained, as well as how living with the disease affects people and their daily lives. how to prevent the disease and further treatment options will also be explained.In this paper the term Anorexia Nervosa will appear frequently.II. When people start to perceive themselves as something their not it becomes a problem.Having Severe Body Dysmorphia is a very big contributing factor in whether or not one has Anorexia Nervosa.(National Eating Disorders) i. Body Dysmorphia is a mental disorder where people think about their real perceived flaws for hours everyday.(ADAA) ii.It becomes a problem when people start becoming more worried or people start paying more attention to their weight and body shape.(Medline Plus) b. Though not expected Anorexia is more commonly seen in people of the middle and upper class.(Pubmed) i. These classes are typically full of people who are perfectionist, have anxiety, or have a low self-esteem.(Webmd) ii. Those who have anorexia tend to equivalate thinness with self worth.(Mayo Clinic)c. Many researchers believe that if someone has a prior family history of eating disorders, than they have a higher chance of developing anorexia.(Webmd) i. Researchers believe that hormones and genes may play a role.(Webmd) ii. While family has a big impact, the culture that most people are submerged in influences people into developing Anorexia.(Medline plus)d. The promotion for being skinny in entertainment businesses are a huge reason for concern. i. In the entertainment business people view goals such as thinness, high achievement and perfection as something they must do. ii. Researchers believe that social attitudes that promote very thin body types may also play a part as a cause of Anorexia Nervosa.III. The symptoms developed from Anorexia Nervosa are both physical and emotional.Researchers have found that symptoms of anorexia are beginning earlier in both males and females.(Medline Plus) i. Suffering from Anorexia can lead to extreme weight loss, a thin appearance, an abnormal blood count, fatigue, insomnia, and the loss of all fat may occur resulting in Lango.(Mayo Clinic) ii. Some people may only develop a few symptoms while others may develop many more. b. Exercising excessively is an effect that anorexia can have on you. i. People will go to the extreme to in order to get what they e as a perfect body, including if it interferes with their other daily activities.(Mayo Clinic) ii. Some people will go over the top in order to appear very thin. c. Those who suffer from Anorexia Nervosa tend to have a tendency to be in need of control. i. Anorexia sufferers control their calorie intake by purging, or misusing laxatives or diet aids, the have control over what goes in and out of their bodies.(Medline Plus) ii. Their fear of gaining weight and their denial for hunger consumes them.(Medline Plus) d. There are certain criterias that have to be met in order to be diagnosed with Anorexia. i. You must have an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even if already underweight.(National Eating Disorders) ii. Although typically seen as something very skinny girls have that is not always the case, having Anorexia does not mean that you have to be skinny and your bones have to be showing.(National Eating Disorders)IV. At some point people who suffer from anorexia may or may not notice as it starts to affect their daily lives. a. Anorexia Nervosa almost always begins with a plan to follow a strict diet.(Webmd) i. People do not seem to realize that they have anorexia at first, but as the illness worsens irrational behaviours start to come into play.(Webmd) ii. Since these strict diets are seen among anorexics as something they must do. b. Anorexia also affects its suffers mental and physical development. i. Anorexia causes confused and slow thinking; along with impairing ones memory or judgement.(Mental Health) ii. Researchers have found that anorexia also affects youth growth and development.(Webmd)c. Since anorexia is commonly found in girls it tends to affect their menstrual cycle.i. If a girl develops anorexia before she hits puberty, then her menstrual cycle is typically delayed.(Webmd)ii. Woman who lose their menstrual cycle may likely be suffering from anorexia as well.(Mental health) d. There are ways in which anorexia affects both women and men. i. They both become malnourished, when this happens the brain and metabolism change.(Webmd) ii. All though it affects both males and females the mortality rate is higher in males.(National Eating Disorders)V. There are not very many ways to prevent anorexia but there are multiple treatment options. a.There is no real way to prevent someone from suffering anorexia, you can only prevent it from furthering.(Webmd) i. Doctors can prescribe Antidepressants for depression or anxiety.(Webmd) ii. If you are worried about whether yourself or someone you know may be suffering from anorexia there are test and exams you can recieve.(Medline Plus) b.For anorexia sufferers the only option now is to seek further treatment. i. This sometimes may mean a short hospital stay followed by a day treatment plan.(Medline Plus) ii. Treatment may include increasing social activity, reducing the amount of physical activity, and using scheduling for eating.(Medline Plus) c. Some people may need to seek even more treatment if their development of anorexia is worse than others. i. A longer hospital stay may be need if a patient has severe or life threatening malnutrition, or if weight loss continues after treatment.(Medline Plus) ii. Different types of therapy may be used for different people, things like talk therapy, group therapy, and family therapy have all been successful.(Medline Plus)d. While it may seem like their are not many options there are ways to prevent the disease from furthering. i. You can have a very good team of care providers, that includes Nurse Practitioners, Physicians, Physician Assistants, and Mental Care Providers.(Medline Plus) ii. Some patients are also able to keep the disease at bay with long-term treatment, but it is common for anorexia nervosa to return.(Medline Plus)VI. All though anorexia may seem like it’s not a big deal, it is one of the world’s most dangerous diseases.(Pubmed)In this research paper the causes and symptoms of anorexia were discussed, as well as how living with the disease affects people, and how to try and prevent it.Anorexia causes your brain to not work properly, resulting in array of symptoms. Since there are no real ways to treat anorexia finding ways to prevent and further treatment options has been proven difficult.Research about this disease is important because many people don’t seem to realize that anorexia does go beyond just not wanting to eat and wanting to be skinny.Works Cited”Anorexia.” MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000362.htm.”Anorexia Nervosa – What Increases Your Risk.” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/mental-health/eating-disorders/anorexia-nervosa/anorexia-nervosa-what-increases-your-risk.”Anorexia Nervosa.” Anorexia Nervosa | MentalHealth.gov, www.mentalhealth.gov/what-to-look-for/eating-disorders/anorexia.”Anorexia Nervosa.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 23 Aug. 2017, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anorexia/symptoms-causes/syc-20353591.”Anorexia: Overview and Statistics.” National Eating Disorders Association, www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/anorexia-nervosa.”Research on Males and Eating Disorders.” National Eating Disorders Association, www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/general-information/research-on-males “Anorexia.” MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000362.htm..”Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD).” Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA, adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/related-illnesses/other-related-conditions/body-dysmorphic-disorder-bdd#.