i) portential of citizens 4. Outcome #4: A

i) Johannesburg Growth

The City of Johannesburg recognizes its
future as a city is unpredictable and that city development is non-linear. The
city recognizes that it must develop its plans by defining a development growth
path while accommodating the increasing uncertainty due to challenges such as
increasing migration into the city, globalisation, climate change, natural
resource scarcity, rapid technological advances and the inequality and poverty in
its city 1. The City of
Johannesburg’s current strategy lies with its long-term Joburg 2040 Growth and
Development Strategy (GDS) and its medium-term Integrated Development Plan

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The City of Johannesburg has had several
different strategies and plans in the past such as its first Growth and
Development Strategy (GDS) in 2006, Joburg 2030, the Human Development Strategy
(HDS), the Integrated Transport Plan and the City Safety Strategy. Each of
these strategies intended to address different areas of Johannesburg’s
development. However, the development of the Joburg 2040 GDS aimed to
consolidate the different strategies into one single and holistic cross-City

Joburg 2040

The Joburg 2040 Growth and Development
Strategy (GDS), launched in 2011, offers its long-term development strategy and
vision of the city by 2040, the principles and values held by the City, and desired
outcomes for the city and indicators to measure and assess its progress against
its desired outcomes.

The Joburg 2040 GDS vision is as

– a World Class African City of the Future – a vibrant, equitable African city,
strengthened through its diversity; a city that provides real quality of life;
a city that provides sustainability for all its citizens; a resilient and
adaptive society.”

“The four major outcomes defined by
Joburg 2040 GDS are:

1.    Outcome #1: Improved quality of life and
development-driven resilience for all

2.    Outcome #2: Provide resilient, liveable,
sustainable urban environment – underpinned by infrastructure supportive of a
low carbon economy

3.    Outcome #3: An inclusive, job-intensive,
resilient and competitive economy that harnesses the portential of citizens

4.    Outcome #4: A high performing
metropolitan government that pro-actively contributes to and builds a
sustainable, socially inclusice, locally integrated and globally competitive
Guateng City Region

The focus for this report will be in
Outcome #2: To provide a resilient, liveable, sustainable urban environment –
underpinned by infrastructure supportive of a low carbon economy.

Joburg 2040 also serves as a foundation
for Johannesburg’s medium term, five-year Integrated Development Plan (IDP).
The IDP’s role is to support

ii) Building Codes and
Green Building Practices

South Africa’s National
Building Regulations (NBR)


In South Africa, building regulations
are governed under South Africa’s National Building Regulations (NBR). The NBR defines
a basis on how buildings in South Africa should be constructed and developed to
suit human habitation.

The NBR is separated into different
parts, but the most vital part related to the sustainability of these buildings
is Part X: Environmental Sustainability and Part XA: Energy Usage in Buildings.
Part X & XA were added in 2011 in recognition that building and extensions
of buildings must become more sustainable and reduce energy use in order to
reduce GHG emissions. The NBR also covers requirements such as hot water supply
and heating requirements and building envelope requirements.

The Green Building Council
of South Africa (GBCSA)

Green Building Council of South Africa (GBCSA) is a non-profit company founded
in 2007 with the goal of promoting, encouraging and facilitating green
buildings in South Africa’s residential and commercial property sector. The
GBCSA raises awareness and education of the benefits of green buildings as well
as recognizes and rewards industry leaders who achieve green building
excellence. The GBCSA have also developed its own green building rating system
known as the Green Star South Africa rating system, or Green Star SA rating,
which establishes standards of measurement and benchmarks for green buildings
in order to objectively rate how “green” a building is. The system provides
building owners a menu of measures which they can use in the design,
construction and management of a building to increase building sustainability.