What is good mental health?
Good mental health is when you have positive emotions
towards everything and always have positive vibes. You take part in various
things and love having engagement and taking an interest in work and
activities, involving having hobbies. Having a good mental health means being
able to hold good healthy relationships with people and having people in your
life that you care for and who care about you. It also means having a meaning
and purpose with everything feeling that what you do in life is valuable and
worthwhile. Being able to accomplish goof things, feeling that what you do
gives you a sense of accomplishment and makes you feel competent. Emotional
stability is vital as feeling calm and peaceful allows you to have good health.
Optimism and resilience is when you feel positive about your life and your
future and when you are able to bounce back in the face of adversity with the
help of good self-esteem by feeling positive about yourself which are all
factors that lead to good health.
What is mental illness?
Mental health problems can be related to excessive stress due to a
particular situation or series of events. Mental illnesses may be caused by
environmental stresses and genetic factors. With proper care and treatment many
individuals learn to cope or recover from a mental illness or emotional
disorder. Mental illness is any disease or condition that influences the way a
person thinks, feels, behaves, and or relates to others and there surroundings.
Although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are
different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with an untreated
mental illness often is unable to cope with life’s daily routines and demands.
Many mental illnesses can be due to genetics and run in families, meaning they
may be passed on from parents to children through genes. Genes contain
instructions for the function of each cell in the body and are responsible for
how we act, look, think, and our health etc. Hereditary means that you are more
likely to get the condition than if you didn’t have an affected family member.
Specialists believe that many mental conditions are linked to problems in
multiple genes which is why a person inherits a a mental disorder but doesn’t always
develop the condition. Trauma and the environmental can also influence and
trigger, the illness in a person who has inherited it. For instance trauma
suffered as a child, such as severe emotional, physical, or sexual abuse; a
significant early loss, such as the loss of a parent; and neglect these can all
lead to an effect on mental health.
This is the model that believes that, only the study of
directly observable behaviour, the stimuli and reinforcing conditions that
control it could serve as a basis for understanding human, behaviour, being
either normal or abnormal. The behavioural viewpoint is organised and based
around a central theme the role of learning in human behaviour.
The Cognitive-behavioural Model
This model understands mental disorder as being a result of
errors or biases in thinking. It explains how thoughts and information
processing can become distorted and leads to maladaptive feelings and
behaviour. Our perspective of the world is determined by our thinking, and dysfunctional
thinking can lead to mental disorder. Therefore to correct mental disorder,
what is necessary is a change in thought and in the way of thinking.
The social model regards to social forces as the most
important determinants of mental disorder. This model suggests that the ways in
which societies are organised, not just biological and psychological
characteristics of individuals, but others must be considered as factors that
lead towards mental illness. It does not argue that people should not be held
responsible for their behaviour because they are victims of society, however
they do suggest that the social structure imposes restrictions on behaviour as
surely as biological inheritance and that the effects of social conditions on
mental illness need to be understood further, to explain both individual
distress and how that distress might effect and be related to other bigger
Family therapy model
The process is designed to identify and change relationships
where necessary. Attention is paid to family interactions, especially to
alignments and discord and the engagement and disengagement of the different
group members. Laing & Esterson (1964) were among the first British writers
to express the view that individuals with mental illness were the victims of a
pathological family process. Family therapy usually begins by an approach that
encourages all members of the family to work together in resolving the
Types of mental illness-
Depression affects people of every age, it is a common
mental disorder that leads to people to experience depressed mood, loss of
interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or
appetite, low energy, and poor concentration. Depression can happen to anyone.
Many successful and famous people who seem to have everything going for them
battle with this problem.
The common symptoms of depression
are, tiredness and loss of energy, sadness that doesn’t go away the loss of
self-confidence and self-esteem the difficulty in concentrating. Not being
able to enjoy things that are usually pleasurable or interesting. Feeling
anxious all the time therefore voiding other people, sometimes even your close
friends due to feelings like helplessness and hopelessness. Having serious
sleeping problems difficulties in getting off to sleep or waking up much
earlier than usual etc.
Anxiety- Anxiety is a natural response when we perceive
that we are under threat or feel anxious. It can be experienced through our
thoughts, feelings and physical sensations. Anxiety is what we feel when we are
worried particularly about things that are about to happen, or which we think
could happen in the future. Facts shows that having relatives with anxiety
problems increases your chances of experiencing anxiety problems yourself.
Difficult experiences in childhood, adolescence or adulthood are a common
trigger for anxiety problems. Going through stress and trauma is likely to have
a particularly big impact if it happens when you’re young. Experiences which
can trigger anxiety problems include things like, physical or emotional abuse,
neglect, losing a parent or a close loved one, being bullied or being socially
excluded. Having parents who don’t treat you are overprotective or are
emotionally inconsistent can also be a factor.
Bipolar disorder mainly affects your mood. If you have
bipolar disorder, you are likely to have times where you experience
manic or hypomanic episodes, depressive episodes potentially
some psychotic symptoms during manic or depressed episodes. There are
two types of bipolar:
You may be told you have bipolar I if you have experienced
at least one episode of mania which has lasted longer than a week you
might also have experienced depressive episodes, although not everyone does.
You may be told you have bipolar II if you have experienced
both at least one episode of severe depression
Common eating disorders include anorexia nervosa,
bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Eating disorders are actually
serious and often cause severe disturbances to a person’s
eating behaviour. It can lead to obsessions with food, body weight, and
shape. Eating Disorders describe illnesses that are characterised by irregular
eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. Eating
disturbances may include minimum intake of food or excessive food intake which
can ultimately damage an individual’s well-being. Eating disturbances may
include inadequate or excessive food intake which can ultimately damage an
individual’s well-being. An example Anorexia Nervosa-The male or female
suffering from anorexia nervosa will typically have an obsessive fear of
gaining weight, refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an unrealistic
perception of body image. Many people with anorexia nervosa will
fiercely limit the quantity of food they consume and view themselves as
overweight, even when they are clearly underweight. Anorexia can have damaging
health effects, such as brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart
difficulties, and infertility.
Physical effect of mental health-
There are various different ways in which poor mental health
has been shown to be damaging to physical health. This is because people with
mental health conditions are less likely to receive the physical healthcare
they’re entitled to. Mental health service users are statistically less likely
to receive the routine checks like blood pressure, weight and cholesterol that
might distinguish symptoms of these physical health conditions earlier. They
are also not as likely to be offered help to give up smoking, reduce alcohol
consumption and make positive changes to their diet. People affected by mental
illness often have some of the following problems: weight gain, especially
round the midriff high blood pressure high cholesterol high blood glucose
levels. These problems may lead to heart disease, diabetes or other illnesses.
This makes it all the more important that you look after your physical health
too. Here are some simple but effective things that you can do to look after
Social isolation is both a cause and an effect of mental
illness. When the person isolates more, they face more mental distress. With
more mental distress, they want to isolate. This intense cycle relegates many
people with severe mental illness to a life of social exclusion and isolation.
Many people with severe psychiatric disabilities say that the humiliation
associated with their illness is as distressing as the symptoms themselves.
This not only prevents them from interacting with others, but may prevent them
from seeking treatment, which in turn exposes them to a greater risk of suicide
and depression. Too often the public does not understand the challenges of the
mentally ill and doesn’t want to try.