Churchill, the greatest Prime Minister Britain has ever seen. Churchill was a
man that began from the bottom of the government and made his way through the
ranks to the top as Prime Minister. Churchill’s career peak occurred in his
election as prime minister twice on 1940-45 and 1951-551.Churchill knew that the
British people were struggling and throughout his time as Prime Minister and
lower ranks in the government, he made sure to ease their difficulty with new
laws to be passed creating an easier work life. Churchill tried to help the
government as well and with his political reforms he made sure that the
government was always moving forward and never taking a step back, he did this
with his Parliamentary Acts of 1911 and 1949, providing the government with
much needed help. Upon World War II, Churchill was in office as PM and
consulted with foreign entities to help the British war effort as well as helping
Ireland in their Revolution, finally he helped create the modern-day country of
Iraq once it was captured by the British Empire. Churchill saw a brighter
future for Britain and worked throughout the years to make that future as
bright as possible. Numerous reformations occurred in Britain due to Churchill
which built a platform for success.
was all about society succeeding together. Churchill focused on society, how to
make it run and how to please the people. Churchill was “the principal driving
force behind the Liberal Party’s welfare reforms of 1908” 2.Churchill began social
reform with the Trade Boards Act of 19093,which ultimately set a new
minimum wage for the working class. This act slowly grew from supporting
tailors, box makers and chain makers to extend to more professions as the years
went on. The Trade Boards legislation applied to women in the fact that women
were represented on boards and their minimum wage was increased4. Due to the new bill, the
“the fair wages clauses would in the contrast of public bodies would begin to
apply to women as well as men”5.Winston Churchill was not
in office as Prime Minister during this act, but a man in the Liberal party
pushing for a brighter future. He was the man to introduce the bill to be
examined by the House of Commons. This bill that was passed introduced
Churchill into the government and made him famously known. This bill made
equality throughout the commonwealth and helped the wages increase to help the
poor. This is the first of many social reforms Churchill is involved in.
Money was a tight issue when it came to British
civilians, of all ages. Churchill was a part of the British government until he
was very old. Churchill as a politician wanted to help any British citizen, in
which he succeeded. Churchill played a crucial role in creating pensions for
the old, giving them money in their old age. Churchill was not Prime Minister
at the time, as it was Lloyd George who was in office and was the lead man on
this act.6 This would provide citizen
above the age of 70 with up to 5 shillings7 (modern day 90 cents),
which would allow them to save up that money, or spend it in their day to day
lives. This new act promoted George and Churchill’s new reformations in Britain.
This act allowed the older citizens of society to have money to spend on their
daily needs, due to a lack of income from being retired. Therefore, this is one
reform of many that has Churchill associated with it.
Churchill believed that Britain
“should reproduce for the defense of this country against poverty and
became a cabinet member and shortly began his reformations. Alongside Lloyd
George, who once again took the lead on this act, the 1909’s People’s Budget
was a weapon. This budget was going to be used to raise money to help the
poorer, less fortunate people in society9. Churchill was the
President of Trade and George was the Chancellor of Exchequer10, both pushing forward for
the redistribution of wealth amongst the British people, a new revolutionary
concept for the commonwealth 11 allowing new ideas and
concepts to be formed throughout society. These bills and acts come together to
create the numerous social reformations that occurred under Churchill’s
influence and how large of a role he played in shaping the British government that
can be traced to the modern-day Britain.
When Churchill was doing all his social reformations, he
made sure to involve some political reformations as well, for the government he
was a part of and eventually led. These included the Parliament Acts of 1911
and 1949 which revoked the House of Lords right to veto money bills and acts,
replacing it with their power to veto other public bills12.
The Parliament Act of 1911 and later of 1949, removed the
right of the House of Lords ability to veto money bills and replaced it so that
they could only veto other public bills and acts13. This formally removed
the House of Lords ability to void bills that dealt with matters including
anything such as taxation or debt. This was done by the House of Commons who
wanted dominance over the House of Lords. Churchill’s involvement was behind
Lloyd George once again, where they were the ones to create this bill and get
it passed through the several levels of government, allowing the dominance of
the House of Commons14. This would stop
contradictions between the two houses of government, allowing for a more
smooth-sailing government to take place15. This allowed the
government to be further advanced under the eyes of Churchill and his fellow
Churchill was the Chancellor of the Exchequer when the
United Kingdom returned to the Gold Standard. As Chancellor, he oversaw
economic and financial matters16, due to his position he
returned the country to the Gold Standard exchange rate system. This system
attaches a currency’s value at affixed parity with gold. Essentially, the
currency relies on the price of gold17.This is beneficial for the
United Kingdom as it would reduce the risk of economic crisis, since their
money is as a constant input/output. This would cause financial stability in
Britain and its entities attached to the British pound, such as the Rupee. This
benefits their political system allowing for more political advancements.
When it came to the second world war, Churchill was in
office. His duty was to reinforce Britain’s nationalism and help the British
Navy. During his rule, Prime Minister Churchill had one foot in the office and
one foot in the Navy. Under Churchills’ rule, the government funded the first
design and creation of tanks to be used against Nazi forces, allowing new
weaponry to be present for Britian to fight in what they believed in. Along
with new weaponry, Churchill’s government created a 10-year rule, where Britain
would not be in any war for 10 years. Apart from WWII, Churchill sent Blacks
and Tans, also known as the Royal Irish Constabulary Special Reserve18 to go fight the IRA in
Ireland during the Irish Revolution as well as creating the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Churchill was the person who created the “Landships Committee”,
which handed matters of creating the first tanks for use on the Western fronts
in the second world war. This committee consisted of naval officers, politicians
who all worked together enterally creating numerous prototypes and eventually,
the first tank20.
By creating these prototypes, this allowed the Western front to be ahead of the
game of an arms race during World War II. Once this committee was recognized by
the Navy, it was then taken over by the Army, with a wide amount of its members
going into the Navy21. This would lead to the
eventual creation of the tank on the Western front, putting Britain at an
advantage versus the Nazi’s in World War II.
The Royal Irish Constabulary Special Reserve was the
child of Winston Churchill, the then Secretary of State of War22. This group was sent to
help the Royal Irish Constabulary during the Irish War of Independence of
1919-2123. This group assigned to
help the RIC fight against the Irish Republican Army, allowing World War I
veterans in Britain to participate24. This put Winston Churchill in good terms
with Ireland and its people. By Britain helping Irish forces in their time of
need, Britain and Ireland had mutual respect. This would provide him with
foreign allies soon, allowing Britain to be more advanced.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 was organized between Ireland
and Britain for the Irish War of Independence could come to an end25. The terms of this treaty
consisted of the British crown along with its forces were to withdraw from most
of Ireland and in doing such, Ireland would be ruled by Britain similarly the way
that Canada is and would be26. This would formerly address
Ireland as its own country with the monarchy providing support, government and rules.
Ireland is then formally recognized as a free state with constitutional monarchy,
just like Canada and many more. This allows Britain to have new ties and feet around
the world but also prevents another Irish Revolution from occurring.
Winston Churchill is credited with creating the country
of Iraq. In 1921, Churchill was appointed Secretary of State for British
colonies which included Palestine and Iraq. As such, he had to develop proper
government under the crown in these areas27.Along with this, he had
to cut British spending in these countries but try to get them as established
as they could be, under the crown. Churchill wanted the British spending to
come to a halt in the Middle East since that could develop economical issues,
but he wanted to keep the military force at the same height. He chose to settle
with tear gas bombing to keep riots low and conformity high. This lowered the
amount of unrest in these countries and allowed him to keep military spending
to a minimum. He then oversaw establishing the government in which he succeeded.
He ran an election with the result to leave Faisal, the son of King Hussein of
the Kingdom of Hijaz in charge28. This put Britain in good
terms with the new countries of Iraq and Transjordan. Winston Churchill wanted
to have positive ties with all foreign entities, in which he succeeded.
Over time, Churchill saw numerous issues in numerous
positions of government. In his country of Britain, he made sure everyone had a
fair shot at equality. His numerous bills and acts helped further enhance the living
experience of many and ease the life of just as much. He had numerous foreign
policy proposals and accomplishments including his work with the Irish and
helping them with the IRA, establishing the new country of Iraq and the
Anglo-Irish Treaty. Along with those he had his political and social
reformations that he did in his time as PM and other tittles. Mr. Winston
Churchill is one of the many greatest political figures in history, and due to
his reforms, he is the #1 draft pick of greatest political figure of all time.
1 GOV.UK, Past Prime Ministers. https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/winston-churchill. October 23, 2017.
Robert Blake & Roger Louis; Churchill; 1996
Donald Hirsch; How the old idea of the
living wage has been embraced by the political establishment; June 6, 2017
Vivien Hart; Bound by Our Constitution:
Women, Workers, and the Minimum Wage; 1994;56
Ben Johnson, Lloyd George, Historic UK, November 12th, 2017. http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/Lloyd-George/
Westminster College, National Churchill Museum, November 18th, 2017.
Liberal History, 1909 People’s Budget, May 20th, 2012. http://www.liberalhistory.org.uk/history/1909-peoples-budget/
Lee, The People’s Budget: An Edwardian Tragedy. 1996
Manchester, The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill, Visions of Glory
1874-1932 (1983), pp. 408–409.
Parliament Act 1949, section 2(2), Dec 2,2011
Joseph Aconelli, “Do Constitutional Conventions Bind?”. Cambridge Law
Journal. 64: 149. 2005.
Doug Graeter, International Churchill Society, The British Parliamentary System
in the Age of Churchill. May 2011
A.W Bradley, Constitutional and Administrative Law. August 27, 2010
Joseph Haydn, Horace Ockerby. The Book of Dignities, 3rd edition, Part III
(Political and Official), p. 164. W.H. Allen & Co., London 1894
Nathan Lewis, New World Economics: Returning to a Gold Standard System. http://newworldeconomics.com/the-gold-exchange-standard/. May 10,2012
Pat Poland, The burning of Cork, December 1920: The Fire Service Response.
History Ireland. December 2015
Wilfred Miles. Military Operations, France and Belgium, 1916. 2nd July 1916 to
the end of the battles of the Somme. 1992.
Ibid,. Pg 248
Wilfred Miles. Military Operations, France and Belgium,1926. 2nd
July 1916 to the end of the battles of the Somme. 1992.
Carmel McCaffrey, In Search of Ireland’s Heroes, 2006. Pg 233
Gerard Noonan. The Irish War of Independence Fought on British Soil. The Irish
Times. November 13, 2017. https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/the-irish-war-of-independence-fought-on-british-soil-1.3289878
24 John Horne, War in Peace: Paramilitary
Violence in Europe After the Great War, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 202.
25 “Official Correspondence relating to the Peace
Negotiations, part 1: Preliminary Correspondence”. CELT. University
College, Cork. February 22, 2016
of the Irish Free State (Saorstát Eireann), 1922
Christopher Catherwood. Churchill’s Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern