work held accountable. This unjustly leaves many domestic

work within an employment relationship” (ILO Convention). These definitions are similar to the New York Bill. Under the ILO Convention the most essential rights given to domestic workers include daily and weekly rest. This is stated in Article 10(1), which states, “Each Member shall take measures towards ensuring equal treatment between domestic workers and workers generally in relation to normal hours of work, overtime compensation, periods of daily and weekly rest and paid annual leave in accordance with national laws, regulations or collective agreements, taking into account the special characteristics of domestic work” (ILO Convention).  In addition, Article 11 guarantees a minimum wage. The Convention is an international human rights instrument so, as a result, it specifically focuses on migrant domestic workers, and Article 15 of the Convention requires states to comply with regional and international laws to protect domestic workers against abuse and unlawful working conditions. Overall, like the New York Bill, the ILO Convention has given domestic workers unprecedented labor rights. Nevertheless, the ILO’s standards are only effective in states that ratified the Convention. This means that the states that have not ratified it and commit grievous human rights violations against domestic workers are not held accountable. This unjustly leaves many domestic workers unprotected and vulnerable, while a limited number of domestic workers bear the fruits of their newly found rights. Domestic workers in the United States face a myriad of challenges. Historically, the U.S. benefited from the uncompensated, backbreaking work done by domestic workers, who were enslaved against their will. Domestic work today is still highly racially segregated, gendered and still associated with “women’s work.” In 2010, domestic workers across the state of New York were able to celebrate the recognition of their human rights. Soon after, in 2011, domestic workers were again victorious when the International Labor Organization voted on the Convention and Recommendation Concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers. These achievements were the result of a global movement by domestic workers who fought unrelentingly to make their work visible to state legislatures as well as international organizations. U.S. organizations like the Domestic Workers United and the National Domestic Workers Alliance have given women a platform to voice their opinions on their rights and work environment. Nevertheless, many domestic workers have yet to fully realize their rights and fall through the cracks in legal protections as they continue to be exploited by their employers. Many domestic workers understand the challenges of working in the United States, however, too many are willing to risks their lives in desperation. The issue of domestic work needs to be addressed at its root economic cause and this can only be achieved with the support of the countries to which workers migrate. As a start, more investment in the education for girls and women would serve to empower women through literacy and job skills enabling more women to avoid becoming domestic workers forced to leave their countries of origin.